Time Out Group has named Christine Petersen CEO of its business division Time Out Digital. She has led global growth strategies for digital travel brands such as TripAdvisor, where she was most recently CMO and president of TripAdvisor for Business. Here are the rest of this week’s people on the move… Edward Enninful has been named editor-in-chief of British Vogue. The move has been praised throughout fashion and magazine media for the historic significance of naming the first non-white man to edit a mainstream women’s fashion magazine. Enninful, who succeeds Alexandra Shulman, has served as creative and fashion director at W since 2011. Bustle has named Gabrielle Prescod senior fashion market editor. Before joining the brand, she was market editor at Interview. This is the first market hire for the brand. “I couldn’t think of anyone better to lead this business division,” Julio Bruno, CEO of Time Out Group, said in a statement. “Christine will be key in driving our e-commerce strategy as we increasingly transact with our large global audience.” Petersen was appointed a non-executive director of the Board of Time Out Group in February of last year, and will continue to serve in that role as she begins as CEO. Longtime journalist Walt Mossberg has announced his retirement with a note to his staff at Recode and The Verge. The note begins: “It was a June day when I began my career as a national journalist, I stepped into the Detroit Bureau of The Wall Street Journal and started on what would be a long, varied, rewarding career. I was 23-years-old, and the year was 1970. That’s not a typo.” He’s set to retire in June, after the Code Conference, which he co-founded.
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Most everyone has heard dog-directed speech, which is similar to speech patterns some use when talking to infants—the voice gets higher, the words come out slower and there is a sort of sing-song phrasing. Some of the phrases are familiar as well, such as “Who’s a good boy?” In this new effort, the researchers looked into the use of dog-directed speech seeking to learn if there might be any modulating factors in its use.The experiments consisted of asking 30 female human volunteers to look at pictures of dogs while reading a script consisting of typical dog-directed speech phrases into a microphone to make recordings. The recordings were then played to 10 puppies and 10 adult dogs at an animal shelter as the researchers watched and recorded their reactions.The researchers report that the volunteers tended to raise their voices in ways similar to people speaking to human infants regardless of the age of the dog they were looking at, though it was noted that the voices were raised slightly higher for puppies than for adult dogs. They also report that at the animal shelter, the puppies responded very clearly to the voices coming from the speakers, acting as if they wanted to play. The adult dogs, on the other hand, after a quick investigation, ignored the recordings altogether.The researchers were not able to explain why the humans spoke in dog-directed speech or why the puppies responded to it while the adult dogs did not, but suggest that humans likely respond to puppies in much the same way they respond to babies—and babies have been shown to respond more to baby-directed speech. As for why the older dogs were not interested, it might have been the case that they were simply older and wiser—they could see very clearly there was no human present speaking to them, so they chose to ignore whatever was being said. (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers from the U.S., the U.K. and France has found that puppies are more receptive to dog-directed speech than are adult dogs. In their paper published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the researchers describe experiments they conducted recording human voices and playing them back to dogs, what they found, and what it might mean for human communications. Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society B Explore further Citation: Study shows dog-directed speech more effective on puppies than adult dogs (2017, January 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-01-dog-directed-speech-effective-puppies-adult.html Does your dog love you? © 2017 Phys.org Credit: CC0 Public Domain More information: Tobey Ben-Aderet et al. Dog-directed speech: why do we use it and do dogs pay attention to it?, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.2429AbstractPet-directed speech is strikingly similar to infant-directed speech, a peculiar speaking pattern with higher pitch and slower tempo known to engage infants’ attention and promote language learning. Here, we report the first investigation of potential factors modulating the use of dog-directed speech, as well as its immediate impact on dogs’ behaviour. We recorded adult participants speaking in front of pictures of puppies, adult and old dogs, and analysed the quality of their speech. We then performed playback experiments to assess dogs’ reaction to dog-directed speech compared with normal speech. We found that human speakers used dog-directed speech with dogs of all ages and that the acoustic structure of dog-directed speech was mostly independent of dog age, except for sound pitch which was relatively higher when communicating with puppies. Playback demonstrated that, in the absence of other non-auditory cues, puppies were highly reactive to dog-directed speech, and that the pitch was a key factor modulating their behaviour, suggesting that this specific speech register has a functional value in young dogs. Conversely, older dogs did not react differentially to dog-directed speech compared with normal speech. The fact that speakers continue to use dog-directed with older dogs therefore suggests that this speech pattern may mainly be a spontaneous attempt to facilitate interactions with non-verbal listeners.