Trent Alexander-Arnold has won the 2019/20 TAG Heuer Young Player of the Season award.The 21-year-old is the first player to claim the inaugural prize, thanks to the combined votes of a panel of experts and the public.To be eligible for the prize, players had to be 23 or under at the start of the 2019/20 season.Alexander-Arnold finished second to Kevin De Bruyne in the race for the Playmaker award with 13 assists, while also scoring four goals en route to Liverpool’s first top-flight title in 30 years.He also earned 12 clean sheets as he featured in all 38 matches and helped the Reds produce the best defensive record last season. The right-back topped an eight-player shortlist, becoming the third 2019/20 season awards winner after Son Heung-min earned the Budweiser Goal of the Season and Liverpool team-mate Curtis Jones was named Premier League 2 Player of the Season.
They were one-under par and seven up at the turn, helped by a chip-in birdie on the 7th, before Somerset pulled two holes back. However the fightback ended on the 13th. Click here for full scores Charlie Daughtrey and Michael Hay added the second point for Yorkshire with their 4/2 win. They had been 5up after a birdie on the short 12th but Somerset produced two birdies of their own to pull them back, before bowing out on the 16th. 29 Aug 2017 Foursomes clean sweep for Yorkshire Staffordshire’s point was scored Harry Fearn and Tom Beasley who won 2/1. Their match was also very tight over the opening holes but they went two up with a par on nine and kept a firm grip on play over the inward half. The third point was harder fought with James Swash and Ben Schmidt finally emerging 2/1 winners with a 17th hole birdie. The Yorkshire pair were two down at the turn but steady par golf got them back to all square after 12. Somerset birdied 13 to lead again but Yorkshire played the next four holes in one-under to take the point. Taylor Paul and Tom Lawton gave BB&O their 2-1 lead with their 3/2 win. The first half of their match was intensely close with the teams all square most of the way and never more than a hole in it. But BB&O extended their lead on the back nine and claimed their point with a run of four straight pars. In the day’s other match BB&O’s first pair, Conor Gough and Harry Arnold, got ahead with a conceded birdie on the second – and never dropped behind. They worked steadily at widening their lead and for much of the match had a two or three hole advantage, before signing off 4/3 with a 15th hole birdie. Yorkshire pulled off a clean sweep of three wins in today’s opening foursomes against Somerset at Boys’ County Finals at Northamptonshire County Golf Club. In the morning’s other match BB&O lead Staffordshire 2-1. Yorkshire’s Callum Macfie and George Heath (pictured) were quick to claim the first point of the day, beating Somerset 6/5 in the top game after demonstrating crisp play around the greens. Image copyright Leaderboard Photography Tags: Boy’s County Finals, Yorkshire
Florida State quarterback Jameis Winston talks to reporters after winning the Heisman Trophy, Saturday, Dec. 14, 2013, in New York. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)NEW YORK (AP) — Jameis Winston left voters no choice but to give him the Heisman Trophy.The Florida State quarterback became the second straight freshman to win the Heisman on Saturday night, earning college football’s most prestigious individual award with a performance so spectacular and dominant that even a criminal investigation couldn’t derail his candidacy.Winston received 668 first-place votes and 2,205 points. He finished 1,501 points ahead of Alabama quarterback AJ McCarron for the seventh-largest margin of victory in Heisman history, despite being left off 115 of the 900 ballots that were returned.Northern Illinois quarterback Jordan Lynch was third, followed by Boston College’s Andre Williams, Texas A&M’s Johnny Manziel and Auburn’s Tre Mason.Manziel was the first freshman to win the Heisman, and was trying to join Ohio State’s Archie Griffin as a two-time Heisman winner. Instead, Winston made it two freshman winners in the 79-year history of the Heisman. He also became the youngest winner at 23 days short of 20.The 19-year-old also was investigated last month for a year-old sexual assault, but no charges were filed and the case was closed four days before Heisman votes were due.Winston is the nation’s top-rated passer and has led the top-ranked Seminoles to a spot in the BCS championship game against No. 2 Auburn on Jan. 6, his birthday. The former five-star recruit from Bessemer, Ala., made college football look easy from his very first game. On Labor Day night, on national television, Winston went 25 for 27 for 356 yards and four touchdowns in a victory at Pittsburgh.It was a brilliant debut that lived up to the offseason hype, when Winston wowed Florida State fans in the Seminoles’ spring football game and on the baseball diamond as a hard-throwing reliever and clutch-hitting outfielder. He had already earned the nickname Famous Jameis before he ever played a college football game. And he quickly became one of the most beloved Seminoles since Charlie Ward, the 1993 Heisman winner.Winston is the third Seminoles quarterback to win the award, along with Chris Weinke in 2000.Winston and Florida State were cruising toward an undefeated season when news broke of an unresolved sexual assault complaint against him made to the Tallahassee Police Department last December.The dormant case was handed over to the state attorney’s office for a full investigation. A female student at Florida State accused Winston of rape. Winston’s attorney said the sex was consensual.During three weeks of uncertainty, Winston continued to play sensationally, especially in Florida State’s big games against Clemson and Miami, while other contenders stumbled or failed to distinguish themselves. If voters were looking to Manziel or McCarron or Lynch or Williams or even Marcus Mariota of Oregon to give them a good alternative to Winston, it didn’t happen. Mason made a late surge and ended up in New York because of the lack of serious challengers to Winston.The Heisman Trust mission statement says: “The Heisman Memorial Trophy annually recognizes the outstanding college football player whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity.”It’s a statement that has put the Heisman in awkward situations before. In 2010, Cam Newton played the season under the cloud of an NCAA investigation. He had also had legal troubles while in college. But like Winston, there was no doubt he was the best player and he won the award.Before last season, Manziel was arrested after being involved in a fight and providing police fake ID. It didn’t stop Johnny Football from winning the Heisman. Johnny Rodgers, the 1972 winner from Nebraska, pleaded guilty to a felony after helping to hold up a gas station as a freshman in 1970. He was pardoned earlier this year.Reggie Bush had his 2005 Heisman stripped after the NCAA determined he had violated its rules during that season. But the Heisman trust did not ask Billy Cannon and O.J. Simpson to return their Heismans after serving jail time.The accusations against Winston were serious and documents released by the police with the accuser’s allegations were not flattering to him. It probably explains why so many voters left him out of their top three. Last year Manziel appeared on 92 percent of the ballots. Winston appeared on 87 percent this year.There was no doubting his on-the-field credentials. Winston is on pace (190.1) to break Russell Wilson’s record for best passer efficiency rating in a season and set FBS freshman records for yards passing (3,820) and touchdown passes (38). Florida State’s average margin of victory is 42 points, and Winston has spent most of the Seminoles’ fourth quarters resting.The investigation has taken some of the shine off Winston’s Heisman coronation, at least for some. But if the question is simply who was college football’s best player in 2013, Famous Jameis was the clear answer.___Follow Ralph D. Russo at www.Twitter.com/ralphDrussoAP Heisman Winners(x-vacated)2013_Jameis Winston, Florida State, QB2012_Johnny Manziel, Texas A&M, QB2011_Robert Griffin III, Baylor, QB2010_Cam Newton, Auburn, QB2009_Mark Ingram, Alabama, RB2008_Sam Bradford, Oklahoma, QB2007_Tim Tebow, Florida, QB2006_Troy Smith, Ohio State, QB2005_x-Reggie Bush, Southern Cal, RB2004_Matt Leinart, Southern Cal, QB2003_Jason White, Oklahoma, QB2002_Carson Palmer, Southern Cal, QB2001_Eric Crouch, Nebraska, QB2000_Chris Weinke, Florida St., QB1999_Ron Dayne, Wisconsin, RB1998_Ricky Williams, Texas, RB1997_Charles Woodson, Michigan, CB1996_Danny Wuerffel, Florida, QB1995_Eddie George, Ohio State, TB1994_Rashaan Salaam, Colorado, RB1993_Charlie Ward, Florida State, QB1992_Gino Torretta, Miami, QB1991_Desmond Howard, Michigan, WR1990_Ty Detmer, Brigham Young, QB1989_Andre Ware, Houston, QB1988_Barry Sanders, Oklahoma State, RB1987_Tim Brown, Notre Dame, WR1986_Vinny Testaverde, Miami, QB1985_Bo Jackson, Auburn, TB1984_Doug Flutie, Boston College, QB1983_Mike Rozier, Nebraska, TB1982_Herschel Walker, Georgia, HB1981_Marcus Allen, Southern Cal, TB1980_George Rogers, South Carolina, HB1979_Charles White, Southern Cal, TB1978_Billy Sims, Oklahoma, HB1977_Earl Campbell, Texas, FB1976_Tony Dorsett, Pittsburgh, HB1975_Archie Griffin, Ohio State, HB1974_Archie Griffin, Ohio State, HB1973_John Cappelletti, Penn State, HB1972_Johnny Rodgers, Nebraska, FL1971_Pat Sullivan, Auburn, QB1970_Jim Plunkett, Stanford, QB1969_Steve Owens, Oklahoma, HB1968_O.J. Simpson, Southern Cal, TB1967_Gary Beban, UCLA, QB1966_Steve Spurrier, Florida, QB1965_Mike Garrett, Southern Cal, TB1964_John Huarte, Notre Dame, QB1963_Roger Staubach, Navy, QB1962_Terry Baker, Oregon State, QB1961_Ernie Davis, Syracuse, HB1960_Joe Bellino, Navy, HB1959_Billy Cannon, LSU, HB1958_Pete Dawkins, Army, HB1957_John David Crow, Texas A&M, HB1956_Paul Hornung, Notre Dame, QB1955_Howard Cassady, Ohio State, HB1954_Alan Ameche, Wisconsin, FB1953_John Lattner, Notre Dame, HB1952_Billy Vessels, Oklahoma, HB1951_Dick Kazmaier, Princeton, HB1950_Vic Janowicz, Ohio State, HB1949_Leon Hart, Notre Dame, E1948_Doak Walker, SMU, HB1947_John Lujack, Notre Dame, QB1946_Glenn Davis, Army, HB1945_Doc Blanchard, Army, HB1944_Les Horvath, Ohio State, QB1943_Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame, QB1942_Frank Sinkwich, Georgia, HB1941_Bruce Smith, Minnesota, HB1940_Tom Harmon, Michigan, HB1939_Nile Kinnick, Iowa, HB1938_Davey O’Brien, Texas Christian, QB1937_Clint Frank, Yale, HB1936_Larry Kelley, Yale, E1935_Jay Berwanger, Chicago, HB
Mo’ne Davis hits RBI in Pennsylvania’s Taney Dragon’s win over Texas (AP Photo)Mo’Ne Davis, the breakout star of this year’s Little League World Series, and her Taney Dragons of Philadelphia were eliminated from the tournament by an all-Black team, Chicago’s Jackie Robinson West, in a 6-5 loss Thursday in Williamsport, Pa.Davis wasn’t eligible to pitch after taking the mound Wednesday in an 8-1 loss. Instead, the pitching spotlight was on Jackie Robinson West’s Marquis Jackson, who pitched a beautiful game despite a slow start. Taney’s Zion Spearman hit a double off Jackson in the first inning, and Jack Rice followed with a two-run single to stake Taney to a quick 2-0 lead.Philadelphia pitcher Mo’ne Davis, center, heads back to the dugout with her teammates.But Jackie Robinson West fired back by scoring four runs in the bottom of the first inning, including two runs off a double by Joshua Houston. Jackie Robinson West scored two more runs in the second inning to extend their lead to 6-2.After the early slips, Jackson didn’t give up another run while he was on the mound and pitched through most of the third inning, striking out several batters to keep the Taney Dragons scoreless. He eventually reached the Little League World Series maximum pitch count of 85 pitches and was forced to leave the mound and switch to second base.After a scoreless third inning, Spearman nailed a two-run RBI single in the top of the fourth inning to cut Jackie Robinson West’s lead to 6-4. Taney’s Kai Cummings then blasted a home run in the fifth inning to make it 6-5; but thereafter, the Dragons’ offense dried up in the sixth inning and their comeback bid fell short.Jackie Robinson West now advances to the U.S. Championship game, and will play Las Vegas on Aug. 23 at 3:30 p.m. Eastern.– See more at: http://www.afro.com/mone-davis-taney-dragons-eliminated-from-llws-by-jackie-robinson-west/
Submitted by Westport WineryWestport Winery earned medals at the Rosé and Bordeaux Categories of the World Wine Championships in Chicago, Illinois.Mermaid, a varietal Merlot entered in the Bordeaux category with grapes from Two Blondes Vineyard in the Yakima Valley, earned 91-points and a gold medal. The judge’s comments said it has, “Dark garnet color. Oaky aromas of roasted coffee and nuts, chocolate toffee, and berry pie with a silky, dry-yet-fruity medium-to-full body and an interesting, medium length, mineral, vanilla, and pickled beet finish with medium tannins and moderate oak. A lively and lush red blend that is sure to please.” A portion of the proceeds from this wine benefits Grays Harbor American Cancer Society Relay For Life.Skookumchuck, a blend of Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Syrah, and Merlot, sweetened with Muscat, earned 88-points and a silver medal. Described as having “Bright ruby color. Lively aromas of cranberry chutney, pencil shavings, and olive tapenade with a fruity sweet light-to-medium body and a smooth, interesting, breezy, mixed berries, honey, and spiced pear finish with fruit tannins and no oak. A lively, not-too-sweet dessert wine that will pair well with cheeses.” This wine benefits the Chehalis Basin Fisheries Task Force.Westport Winery and Vineyards By-the-Sea Gardens with the unique outdoor sculpture garden, lavender labyrinth, musical fence, 9-hole executive golf course, giant chess set, outdoor scrabble game, and grape maze, is located on the corner of Highway 105 and South Arbor Road halfway between Aberdeen and Westport. Westport Winery was named Best of the Northwest Wine Tour in 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2014.Westport’s award-winning wines are exclusively available at the winery. The tasting room, gift shop, produce market, plant nursery and bakery are open daily from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. The restaurant is open for lunch daily from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. and for dinner on Friday and Saturday from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. For more information contact Westport Winery at 360-648-2224 or visit the website at www.westportwinery.com. Facebook0Tweet0Pin0
SATURDAY, APRIL 9ASTON VILLA 1 AFC BOURNEMOUTH 2Aston Villa are as good as down after a defeat by Bournemouth, their eighth in a row in the Barclays Premier League, left them 15 points from safety with five games remaining. Steve Cook’s close-range finish set the Cherries up before Joshua King took advantage of defensive mix-up. Jordan Ayew replied late on.GOALS:- VILLA: AYEW 85. BOURNEMOUTH: COOK 45; KING 74.CRYSTAL PALACE 1NORWICH CITY 0Norwich City remain in a relegation battle after losing to fellow strugglers Crystal Palace. Jason Puncheon scored his first goal of the season to hand Palace their first league win of 2016 – and six successive home defeats – while Norwich felt they deserved a penalty when Matt Jarvis was barged over.GOAL:-PUNCHEON 68.MANCHESTER CITY 2WEST BROM 1Samir Nasri returned from injury to score the winner for Manchester City against West Brom. City came from behind after Stephane Sessegnon beat Joe Hart early on. Sessegnon then brought down Aleksandar Kolarov in the area to allow Sergio Aguero to equalise from the spot. Nasri tapped into an empty net with 25 minutes remaining.GOALS:-CITY:AGUERO PEN 19; NASRI 66. WBA: SESSEGNON 6.SOUTHAMPTON 3NEWCASTLE UNITED 1Newcastle stumbled closer to relegation from the Barclays Premier League after being outplayed by Southampton. The Magpies fell behind after just four minutes when Shane Long scored. Graziano Pelle claimed home the second and then Victor Wanyama made it 3-0 after Pelle’s shot was blocked. Andros Townsend claimed a late consolation goal.GOALS:-SOUTHAMPTON: LONG 4; PELLE 38; WANYAMA 55.NEWCASTLE: TOWNSEND 64.SWANSEA CITY 1 CHELSEA 0Chelsea interim boss Guus Hiddink suffered his first defeat in 15 Barclays Premier League games as Swansea moved closer to safety. At the end of a week when it was announced that Italy manager Antonio Conte is to take over at Chelsea in the summer, the Swans seized on a poor Chelsea display to dominate the first half and lead through Gylfi Sigurdsson’s volley.GOAL:-SWANSEA: SIGURDSSON 25.WATFORD 1 EVERTON 1Two goals in first-half added time saw Watford and Everton share the points at Vicarage Road. Both teams are in the FA Cup semi-finals and it is to be hoped that if they meet in the final they can produce a better spectacle. James McCarthy gave Everton the lead, but within a minute Jose Holebas headed home at the far post from a corner.GOALS:-WATFORD: HOLEBAS 45. EVERTON: McCARTHY: 45.WEST HAM UNITED 3 ARSENAL 3Arsenal’s slim hopes of winning the Barclays Premier League were effectively ended by Andy Carroll’s first-ever West Ham hat-trick. Mesut Ozil and Alexis Sanchez gave the Gunners the lead, but two late first-half headers brought the Hammers back into the game. Carroll got his third, again a header, soon after the restart but Arsenal skipper Laurent Koscielny made it 3-3.GOALS:-WEST HAM: CARROLL 44, 45, 52. ARSENAL: OZIL 18; SANCHEZ 35; KOSCIELNY 70.SUNDAY, APRIL 10LIVERPOOL 4STOKE CITY 1Divock Origi came off the bench to score twice as Liverpool moved up to eighth in the Barclays Premier League. Alberto Moreno put the home side ahead before Bojan headed Stoke’s equaliser. But Daniel Sturridge converted Sheyi Ojo’s cross to regain the lead before Origi headed in and later saw an attempted cross drift in after the break.GOALS:-LIVERPOOL: MORENO 8; STURRIDGE 32; ORIGI 50, 65. STOKE: BOJAN 22.SUNDERLAND 0LEICESTER CITY 2Jamie Vardy scored twice as leaders Leicester won at Sunderland to move within three victories of their first Barclays Premier League title. Vardy converted the first after an hour, before outpacing the opposition defence and tucking home a second deep into added time. The hosts’ best chance fell to substitute Jack Rodwell, who shot over from just eight yards out.GOALS:-LEICESTER: VARDY 66, 90.TOTTENHAM HOTSPUR 3 MANCHESTER UNITED 0Tottenham kept alive their hopes of winning the Barclays Premier League, thanks to three goals in seven late second-half minutes, from Deli Alli, Toby Alderweireld and Erik Lamela. With Leicester winning earlier in the day, Spurs reduced the deficit from 10 points to seven. After an even first half, Alli broke the deadlock and two more keep Spurs in the hunt.GOALS:-TOTTENHAM: ALLI 70; ALDERWEIRELD 74; LAMELA 76.
The premium rates of Irish Life Health are set to increase from June 1, rising 3.3pc on average by €30 annually.The company blamed the increased level and cost of hospital claims and continuing medical inflation including public and private hospitals and also rising consultant charges.Irish Life Health said the hike follows a sustained period of price reductions and freezes.Managing Director, Jim Dowdall told the Independent.ie: “Our commitment is to provide our customers with the best value and most innovative health and wellbeing benefits. We have a determined focus on managing our costs to keep our premiums at the lowest possible level.” “However, as a result of increases in claims costs, including those from public and private hospitals and also consultant charges, it is necessary to increase the premium charged to cover the rising cost of medical treatment for our customers”.The increase in health premiums does follow reductions last year for many policyholders.At the end of 2017, Vhi made the first in a series of price cuts in the sector and rivals Laya Healthcare and Irish Life Health were forced to respond with cuts of their own.Irish Life Health premiums set to increase by 3.3% was last modified: April 27th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
3 June 2010 South Africa’s majestic Soccer City Stadium, venue for both the opening and final match of the 2010 Fifa World Cup™, has won rave reviews from Fifa president Sepp Blatter, who described it as “a five-star stadium” and one of the most beautiful in the world. Speaking during the official stadium hand-over ceremony in Johannesburg on Wednesday morning, Blatter said Soccer City – which resembles an African calabash with its round shape and charming patchwork of colours – was “one of the best venues” in the world. “This is a great day for Fifa, to be here at this magnificent stadium,” Blatter said. “The minister of sport, Mr Stofile, said Soccer City is the flagship for South Africa and the African continent. I will go further and say this stadium is a flagship of the world. “It is one of the most beautiful stadiums; I can compare it with Wembley Stadium just outside London.”A job well done Blatter told South Africans that they should be proud of their efforts to make the World Cup a success. “Yes this is a Fifa World Cup, but the people who have done the homework and the hard work are South Africans. We would therefore want to express thanks to them. “What will happen at this stadium is part of history – you will have eight games played by some of the best teams. Some of the best players in the world are going to play in this venue. Now that the stadiums are ready, the whole world will now focus on South Africa. “The world is now going through emotions, waiting for the games to begin.” Blatter said that one of his wishes was to see Nelson Mandela at the opening game between hosts South Africa and Mexico on 11 June. “The biggest legacy of this World Cup will be the celebration of African humanity, and no one better represents that than Nelson Mandela. We hope that Madiba will be at the opening game here; this has been part of his legacy, and he has worked hard for this project.”Waiting for the world Speaking on behalf of the South African government, Sport and Recreation Minister Makhenkesi Stofile said he had no doubt that Africa’s first Fifa World Cup would be “like no other; it will be different in many ways. “We have travelled a long road to be where we are, we have experienced setbacks, but importantly, we have tasted many victories,” Stofile said. “This has been a unique journey for this country. Our stadiums are all ready, the road and infrastructure is in place. We are now waiting for the people to come and be part of this event.” Following the Soccer City handover, Blatter also opened the International Broadcast Centre – the hub of broadcast production for the World Cup – which is located next to the stadium. Source: 2010 Fifa World Cup South Africa Organising Committee
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest There is growing evidence reaffirming the important role the inclusion of wheat in the crop rotation can have on total farm productivity and water quality. This combined with strong grain and straw yields in 2016 may have more farmers thinking about wheat this fall. But, to maximize the benefits of wheat, it must be properly managed.“Wheat is not a four-letter word, but you have to manage it. We spend a lot of time doing our own wheat research on varieties, seed treatments, fungicides, growth regulators and other factors,” said Jim Howe with Star of the West Milling Company based in Michigan. “Our most exciting plot went 145.7 bushels per acre for white wheat. In Ohio, you should be able to blow the doors off these yields. Mathematically, wheat can produce 400 bushels per acre. It is what we do or don’t do that can make a difference.”The folks at Star of the West understand the frustrations that can accompany growing wheat and the financial struggles for farms to justify the crop. But at the same time, they also know that they need a good quality supply of wheat for their business to be successful and are working to find the best, and most profitable, wheat production practices for farms in their test plot work.“If it doesn’t pay for itself, we don’t recommend it,” Howe said. “One of the major factors influencing yield is planting date. Much of the strategy for success means getting tillers in the fall. Plant as early as you can possibly plant.”There is a bit of disagreement between Howe and OSU Extension specialists on the ideal planting date for Ohio wheat. Extension, of course, recommends planting after the fly free date in the county (ranging from Sept. 22 for northern counties to Oct. 5 in the south). Howe is more interested in early-planted wheat.“We talk a lot about Hessian flies, but I have never seen one. I want to err on the early side rather than late,” Howe said. “Planting depth is also critical because of emergence that affects flowering periods that affect sprouting. Plant as early as possible with 1.5 million to 2 million seeds per acre, planting higher populations later in the season.”Ohio State University Extension recommends lower rates of 1.2 and 1.6 million seeds per acre planted uniformly at 1.5 inches deep. For drills with 7.5-inch row spacing this ends up being about 18 to 24 seeds per foot of row with normal sized seed.“When wheat is planted on time, actual seeding rate has little effect on yield, but high seeding rates (above 30 seeds per foot of row) increase lodging and the risk of severe powdery mildew development next spring. During the 2014-2015 season with funding from the Ohio Small Grains Marketing Program, we conducted a wheat seeding rate study at three locations in Ohio (Crawford, Pickaway, and Wood counties),” wrote Laura Lindsey, Ohio State University wheat specialist in the CORN Newsletter. “We seeded wheat at 0.25, 0.50, 1, 1.5, and 2 million seeds per acre. On average, there was a nine bushel per acre yield reduction when seeding rate was reduced from 2 to 0.25 million seeds per acre. Economic return tended to be greatest when wheat was seeded between 1 to 1.5 million seeds per acre. There is no evidence that more seed is better, it only costs more money.”Everyone agrees that careful consideration of fertility is also important for wheat.“Managing tillers is very important and that can be done with proper nitrogen management — N promotes tiller growth and four to six tillers are ideal,” Howe said. “In the spring, wheat needs N to break dormancy and applying N as early as weather conditions allow helps. We consistently pick up bushels by split applying nitrogen. Apply N at green-up using a mix of slow release N.”OSU Extension recommends application of 20 to 30 pounds of actual nitrogen per acre at planting to promote fall tiller development with phosphorus and potassium needs determined by a soil test.“Wheat requires more phosphorus than corn or soybean, and soil test levels should be maintained between 25 parts per million (ppm) to 40 ppm for optimum production. If the soil test indicates less than 25 ppm, then apply 80 to 100 pounds of P2O5 at planting, depending on yield potential,” wrote Ed Lentz in the CORN Newsletter. “Do not add any phosphorus if soil test levels are higher than 50 ppm. Soil potassium should be maintained at levels of 100, 120, and 140 ppm for soils with cation exchange capacities of 10, 20, or 30 millequivalents, respectively. If potassium levels are low, apply 100 to 200 pounds of K2O at planting, depending on soil CEC and yield potential. In Ohio, limed soils usually have adequate calcium and magnesium. Soil pH should be between 6.3 and 7. Wheat generally does not respond to sulfur on most Ohio soils unless fields are sandy, low organic matter, low CEC, and/or have a history of sulfur response. Sulfur should be applied on responsive soils in the spring unless applying elemental sulfur.”Howe said it is also important to scout early and often for weeds, aphids and other factors.“We are at the end of April or the first of May when we start thinking about spraying weeds and we are not that far from Ohio,” Howe said. “Weed control is a must. I will not use 2,4-D or dicamba. It is an extra trip.”Managing to prevent vomitoxin in wheat is a necessity. This starts with variety selection. Depending on the area of Ohio, it is important to find wheat varieties with good resistance to powdery mildew, Stagonospora leaf blotch, and leaf rust in addition to resistance to head scab that can lead to vomitoxin.“Vomitoxin is a fungus and it makes non-ruminant animals throw up. That is where it gets the name. There is not a food company that is even willing to approach the federal guidelines in terms of food safety. No one wants it,” Howe said. “In the old days we could grind up those middlings in poor quality wheat and sell them for cattle feed, but today we have to pay to send them to a landfill. The standards have gone up that much and it makes a tremendous difference in what we can accept and what we can’t.”Vomitoxin needs the right set of conditions to be a problem, but unfortunately those conditions are not uncommon in Ohio.“It needs a host, rain during flowering and a pathogen. The mold that is in the soil to rot corn stalks is what causes vomitoxin. If you have corn, you have the mold. We leave crop residue on top of the soil and the pathogen is there so you should avoid planting wheat into corn residue. Burying stalks is a benefit,” Howe said. “We can’t predict the weather so if you plant wheat, you’d better plan on spraying fungicides. That is not a silver bullet, but they do reduce vomitoxin.“You’re going to want to look at a fungicide program particularly at heading, which on a Feekes scale is a 10.51. Spray Prosaro using the highest labeled rate if you’re following corn. And you are going to want to watch the weather, but the real take home is that you need to deliberately plan on just spraying a fungicide to protect the kernel and harvest as soon as you can possibly harvest. By doing those things you can alleviate a lot of the potential for both sprouting and vomitoxin.”Howe has also seen some success with other products.“We have the most dramatic improvements with growth regulators. Palisade shortens node spacing and that increases the response to nitrogen,” he said.Then, once the crop is ready, make sure the equipment is ready to harvest a high quality crop.“Clean the trucks, combines and grain bins and harvest early,” Howe said. “Combines make a nice home for four-legged fur bearing creatures that like to move in in the fall and then ride to the elevator in the truck after harvest.”With careful management, wheat can once again be a valuable part of Ohio’s crop rotations.“If you go with a full management program with wheat, I think we can easily go for a 140-bushel to 150-bushel range in Ohio and go up from there,” Howe said.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt Reese and Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field LeaderThe tidy whities hanging outside of the Ohio Federation of Soil and Water Conservation Districts display at Ohio’s largest farm show generated plenty of attention at the 2019 Farm Science Review and the sullied unmentionables inside the confines of the building were, well, almost unmentionable. But, mentioned they were. That, after all, is the point of the clever “Soil your undies” program.“We are encouraging farmers around the state to ‘Soil their undies’ by planting 100% cotton underwear in their fields for about four weeks to see what the level of soil health and soil activity is within their fields. When you pull them up, if they look about like they did when you buried them, you probably need to go into your local SWCD office and start some conversations. If you pull them up and there is nothing left but elastic, you probably have some pretty good soil health,” said Janelle Mead, OFSWCD chief executive officer. “I’m pretty sure we’ve talked more about underwear this year at the Farm Science Review than any point before.”Kris Swartz, a Wood SWCD board supervisor, planted some Fruit of the Looms a couple years ago to test the fruits of the soil health improvement efforts on his farm and was surprised at the results.“It really demonstrates how much soil biology is going on in your soil and how many microbes and animals are living there that will degrade that cotton material. It is amazing how fast those underwear melt away to almost nothing,” Swartz said. “The No. 1 thing we talk about on soil health is cover crops and getting diverse biology out there. It really helps when we have green on the ground more of the year. I have Hoytville heavy clay and those soils need organic matter and the cover crops really increase that. The main benefit we see with more organic matter is our water holding capacity. When you increase the organic matter, it helps out with water quality and everything else in agriculture.”With the extensive planting challenges in his region of the state this spring, there was more talk about cover crops than usual in 2019.“The one good thing with the prevented planting acres we had is that conversation about cover crops have really increased with farmers. People are talking about cover crops who have never talked about them before. We are getting people in our doors that we have never seen before and we are getting a bigger audience to talk to,” Swartz said. “It can be a difficult conversation about water quality. I don’t think our urban neighbors really understand what a challenge we are under. I think some data is showing that phosphate levels in the streams are going down. I am hopeful we will see some significant progress in the next year or two. Farmers are doing a better job all of the time and taking on the challenge more. People are using best management practices and incorporating them into their operations. People are finding outMatt Reese talks with Janelle Mead and Kris Swartz with the Ohio Federation of Soil and Water Conservation Districts talking about a soil health awareness program.they can be successful environmentally and economically with these practices.”Though it is late in the year to do it now, Mead and Swartz would encourage every farmer in the state to take a few pairs of 100% cotton underwear and bury them in the top few inches of soil during the growing season. Compare different fields with different management practices to see where the soil is more biologically active and hopefully gain some insights into a healthier, more profitable farm heading into the future. In fields where the underwear looks about like it did when it was buried, systems that manage no-till combined with cover crops have been found to have the greatest benefit to improving overall soil health.“It takes commitment and a systems approach,” said Jim Hoorman, owner of Hoorman Soil Health Services in Jenera.No-till and cover crops, however, may be more challenging than normal this fall due to the wet harvest in 2018 and continued saturated soil conditions this past spring in many parts of the state. Every situation is unique, and last year’s harvest caused obvious compaction issues from equipment traffic. While long time no-till fields typically held up better than conventionally tilled fields, the resulting damage to the soil was not kind in many cases.“Heavy farm machinery can create subsoil compaction, even for no-till fields,” Hoorman said. “What farmers really want to know is how to heal the soil. Looking at the current situation for a lot the fields, it’s not good.”The stakes can be high with the decision to till or not in some situations. According to research by Don Reicosky, a retired UDSA-ARS soil scientist, upwards of 80% of the benefits of continuous no-till can be lost with a single tillage pass. The degree of the benefits lost due to tillage depends on a number of factors, Hoorman said. Those options include shallow vertical tillage or lightly tilling 2 to 4 inches deep to level small ruts and relieve shallow compaction, versus deep ripping a field 12 to 18 inches and then working the soil back down with several tillage passes to level it and prepare a seed bed.Deep tillage, such as subsoiling, has been used to break-up subsoil compaction issues. The idea behind the deep tillage (running rippers at a foot to a foot and a half deep) is to loosen the subsoil, break compaction, and increase water infiltration and aeration.“While some no-till fields never need to be subsoiled, for other no-till fields, deep tillage has increased yields, especially if equipment traffic occurred over a large portion of the field while soils were wet,” Hoorman said. “The problem with using tillage to break up compaction is that a new hardpan forms under the lowest point of the last tillage pass. Subsoiling just lowers the hardpan.”When subsoiling is done, a break occurs in the soil profile. The tilled soil above the break is aerated and oxygen is introduced (aerobic). Below the new hardpan however, an anerobic condition exists (lack of oxygen). Tillage cannot eliminate the hardpan down deep in the soil.“Cover crops have been effective at restoring the soil over time,” Hoorman said. “Restoring soil health takes time. Cover crop roots restore porosity to the soil. Grass cover crops with fibrous root systems work to eliminate shallow compaction, while deep rooted cover crops like tillage radish reduce the deeper compaction.”As the radish decays, it mellows the soil. Cover crops also enhance the environment needed to promote earthworm growth. The earthworms benefit from a soil that has sufficient organic matter, as well as oxygen and water movement. The decomposing plant residue provides organic matter as a food source to the worms.“The more food they have, the bigger they get and the quicker they will reproduce,” Hoorman said.The biological processes earthworms perform enhance the soil quality. As the organic matter is digested, the castings the earthworm releases as waste contain many nutrients useful to plants. In addition, as the earthworms tunnel, they aerate the soil. These tunnels allow air, water and nutrients to move deeper in the soil profile and, ultimately, move soil health in a positive direction.A good place to start for farmers interested in learning more on how to improve their soil health, long-term profitability and environmental sustainability could be with a pair of underwear paired with a follow-up visit to the local SWCD office.“We have talked to a lot of people about soiling their underwear this year. We have great staff out around the state to work with,” Mead said. “Go in to the local SWCD offices and have the conversations and find solutions to keep nutrients in your fields. They are ready to help you and they want to help you, even if it starts with a dirty pair of underwear.”Ohio Field Leader is a project of the Ohio Soybean Council. For more, visit ohiofieldleader.com.There is not much left of this pair of underwear after being buried in a field with healthy soil for a few weeks.